Effects of Early Childhood Education Training Program on the Development of Children

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Published on International Journal of Social, Politics & Humanities
ISSN: 2797-3735, Volume 1, Issue 1, page 71 – 78
Publication Date: 22 September 2018

Shaista Mushtaq & Almas Ikram Kayani

Shaista Mushtaq
Department of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences, Arid Agriculture University
Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Almas Ikram Kayani
Associate Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Arid Agriculture University
Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Journal Full Text PDF: Effects of Early Childhood Education Training Program on the Development of Children.

Abstract
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of early childhood education training program on the development of child. First objective of the study was to identify the existing Early Childhood Training Programs. Second objective of the study was to analyze the effects of Early Childhood Education Training Program in the light of stakeholders. Third objective of the study was to evaluate the ECE Training Program in the development of children. Fourth objective was to suggest some guidelines for effectiveness of ECE trainings programs. The nature of the study was mix method. The population of the research study was pre-schools of Taxila city. The teachers and heads of pre-schools were included in the population. The population of the study was 3 heads and 90 teachers. The sample of the study was 100% of the population sample included 3 heads and 90 teachers. The interview and questionnaire was personally administered by researcher herself. Qualitative and quantitative respondents were randomly selected. Chi-Square association test was utilized to explore the association between responses of the students. In this research study early childhood education training program was the independent variable. ECE training program factors named as knowledge and teaching competency of teachers, command on subject matter, use of AV aids, theories and principles of learning, lesson planning skills, assessment skills and time management skills were used to analyze the effectiveness of training program. The study recommended that to make teaching process more effective and to get better results in field of education teacher may have pedagogical skills to improve classroom management. The study also recommended that in order to make productive teaching teacher may reflect upon their teaching strategies and teaching style.

Keywords: Childhood, Education, Training Program, Development, Children, Teachers, Knowledge & Teaching Competency.

1. Intorduction
Early childhood education (ECE; likewise nursery education) is a branch of education theory which identifies with the instructing of young children (formally and casually) up until the period of around eight (birth to Grade 2). Childhood education, a subset of early childhood education, means the education of children from birth to age two. It emerged as a field of study amid the enlightenment, especially in European nations with high literacy rates. It kept on becoming through the nineteenth century as widespread primary education turned into a standard in the Western world. As of late, early childhood education has turned into a prevalent open strategy issue, as city, state, and government administrators think about financing for preschool and pre-Kindergarten. It is portrayed as a critical period in child’s development. It alludes to the inside and out development of a child’s personality. ECE is additionally an expert assignment earned through a post- secondary education program. For instance, in Ontario, Canada, the designations ECE (Early Childhood Educator) and RECE (Registered Early Childhood Educator) may just be utilized by enrolled individuals from the school of Early Childhood Educators, which is comprised of licensed child care experts who are considered responsible to the school’s standards of practice (Ferguson, 2007).
Participation can be viewed as a common activity to understand the world with adults who regard and tune in to children and are occupied with their undertakings. This implies children are accepted to have an opportunity to be tuned in to, an open door for autonomous activities, decision making encounters and opportunities to assume liability. It additionally incorporates security in communal and material surroundings, where children can adjust to mutual and important knowledge openings with adults and look closely. In the course of dynamic participation of their general public children’s abilities of self-control and confidence are upgraded. Participation implies partaking in exercises realizing that one’s activities are accepted and might be followed up on. On a more broad point, participation implies including an empowering children to take an interest in basic leadership ……..

2. Material & Methods
2.1 Research Design
Sequential explanatory mix method design was used to conduct this particular study, both quantitative and qualitative aspects were considered in the process. The participants for quantities aspects were teachers and heads for qualitative analysis. There were two major aspects those were addressed by the study. First one is the variable of effectiveness of ECE training program, and secondly the effects of these trainings on child development. Mix method is more reliable while addressing sensitive issues in the field of research and requires more expertise (Creswell & Creswell, 2017).

2.2 Population
Population is “the group of interest for the investigator, this group has some special attributes those distinguish it from other groups, the research process is generalized through this group” (Marion, 2004). Population of the study included all the teachers teaching at pre-school level (Montessori Schools) and heads of these schools in Taxila City. Population consisted of 3 heads and 90 teachers from all 3 institutions ……..