Role of E-Learning in Promoting Higher Education

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Published on International Journal of Social, Politics & Humanities
ISSN: 2797-3735, Volume 1, Issue 1, page 166 – 171
Publication Date: 11 October 2018

Fozia Younis & Almas Ikram Kayani

Fozia Younis
Department of Education, Faculty of Social & Sciences, Arid Agriculture University
Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Almas Ikram Kayani
Associate Professor
Department of Education, Faculty of Social & Sciences
Arid Agriculture University
Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Journal Full Text PDF: Role of E-Learning in Promoting Higher Education.

Abstract
The study was designed to find out the relationship between e-learning and Higher Education. The proposed study was descriptive in nature. The study was qualitative & quantitative. The total population of the study was drawn public sector universities of AJ&K. which were two in number i.e. Azad Jammu & Kashmir university Muzaffarabad and Poonch university Rawalakot. The population of the study comprised of university students and HODS. The sample size of the study was 328 students. Descriptive statistics i.e mean, standard deviation and chi square test were employed for statistical analysis of the data through SPSS. The findings reveal that e-learning improves the capacity of students (Higher Education) to manage with the technological advancement. E-learning improves quality of instruction for formal and non-formal education. E-learning improves quality of the learning experience through information technology. Teachers can easily modify digital learning resources according to the learning style of students. Chi square test analysis shows that there is a significant relationship between e-learning and Higher Education. Based on findings, it was recommended that that Public universities of AJK may be replace face to face teaching by digital media

Keywords: E-learning; Higher Education.

1. Introduction
E-learning is seen as a necessity for the development of information technology and its potential to meet the challenges posed by access to knowledge. The main influence on communication and learning technology is still being explored, constantly seeking new ways to attract the attention of learning, actively work, but a customizable, learning environment where learning is stimulated and you want to learn continuous learning using different types of IT tools (Bottino, 2004).
Now one day, e-learning is playing an important role in spreading education in an effective and efficient manner. Talking through e-learning with students with their teachers can help students improve their learning processes and experience. E-learning is engaged in using any computer or electronic device in any way to present any educational or learning content, and to improve the performance of students (Agarwal, Doo, Das, 2004).
E-learning is used to give you the opportunity to learn interactive electronic at any time, at any time, electronically-developed. E-learning includes web based learning, computer-based, official classroom, digital collaboration, audio and video tape, internet or satellite TV, and CD-ROM (Islam and Selim, 2006).
Learning in different learning is set up, such as learning distance, learning online and networking network (Wilson 2001). In the context of this paper, all these examples will be described using information communication technology (ICT) to promote academic interactions between students, lectures and communities learning (Holley, 2002).
Volery, T., & Lord, D. (2002) stated that the speed and expansion of relevant technical developments, combined with social demands for limited budget and better access to higher education, encouraged students to introduce e-learning courses for universities.
According to Andrews and Haythornthwaite (2007) e-learning is the use of technologies in learning opportunities, encompassing flexible learning as well as distance learning; and the use of information and communication technology as a communications and delivery tool, between individuals and groups, to support students and improve the management of learning ……..

2. Hypotheses of the study
Hypothesis 1. There is insignificant relationship between e-learning and Higher Education
Hypothesis 2. There is a significant relationship between e-learning and Higher Education

3. Materials and methods
3.1 Population
All the public universities of Azad Jammu & Kashmir were explored from AJK planning and development and universities statistical departments. It was find out there are 5 public universities of AJK. All the faculties of these five universities were find out.
The total population of the study was drawn public sector universities of AJ&K. which were two in number i.e. Azad Jammu & Kashmir university Muzaffarabad and Poonch university Rawalakot. The population of the study comprised of university students serving in department’s of CS&IT, zoology & mathematics of both universities were included.

3.2 Sample and sampling technique
In proportionate stratified sampling, the quantity of components apportioned to the different strata is corresponding to the representation of the strata in the target population. The size of the sample has been decided by consulting L.R. Gay’s table for selecting sample size in which sample size …….