Publication on International Journal of Social, Politics & Humanities
ISSN: 2797-3735, Volume 1, Issue 1, page 99 – 102
Publication Date: 24 September 2018
Hafsa Umer & Almas Ikram Kayani
Department of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences, Arid Agriculture University
Almas Ikram Kayani
Associate Professor, Department of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences
University of Arid Agriculture
The problem under this study was to investigate the effect of emotional intelligence (EI) of school head on school culture at elementary level. The study was indicating emotional intelligence of school head as independent, which effects the dependent variable the school culture. The main objectives of the study were 1) to identify the emotional intelligence of the head. 2) to identify the school culture. 3) to identify the school outcomes. 4) to find out the relationship between emotional intelligence of head and teacher perceived school culture. It was a correlational study. The population of the study was the public elementary school heads and teachers from district Rawalpindi. The sample would be of 76 government elementary schools from district Rawalpindi. The questionnaire was administered to each school head and four of their staff teachers which was randomly selected. Through pilot testing the reliability was measure. After the data collection SPSS software was utilizing to analyze the data.
Keywords: Socio-economic, Emotional Intelligence, Teachers, Principals, Academic Achievements.
Emotional intelligence and leadership both are inter connected leadership is a process in which a leader leads organizational objectives, process, teaching learning methods, work implementation, effective evaluation, and school culture. Likewise, decision making, and leadership have same meaning because both are highly correlational. Basically, leader is person who takes decision and all organizational actions that’s why leadership is co relational with decision making. Herbert Simon (1957) claims that “general theory of management must include principles that will insure correct decision-making, just as it must include principles that will insure effective action.” Leadership has a positive relationship with “effectiveness”. Leadership exhibits a person an effective or infective leader.in other words we can say that effective leadership considered from military and politicians (Thomas, 2005)
Emotional intelligence can be defining as “A person having ability to understand and recognize his\her feelings and emotions and to manage them effectively his\her own relationships and also with others that is emotional intelligence”. (Goleman 1998).
Emotional intelligence has four competencies. Firstly, self-awareness is the competency to understand one’s emotion and feelings and continuous conscious of them as they occur. Self-awareness is related with managing responses among different people and situations. Secondly self-management is the competency to manage their own emotions in different situations.it controls the behavior in difficulty situation and positively directs it, controls it and manage it. Thirdly social awareness is the competency to identify other people feelings and recognize the effect of their feelings. Fourthly relationship management is the competency to know about others and managing communication effectively.to deal with all conflicts effectively and provide a clear sense of communication. (Bradberry and Greaves,2003) .
Emotional intelligence basically relates with understanding and relationship with others so emotional intelligence can also be considered a non-cognitive ability. Emotional intelligence is practical for people, they express “competencies that constitute self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, and social skills at appropriate times and ways sufficient to be effective in the situations” (Goleman 2002).
Cognitive intelligence and emotional intelligence goes parallel ………
2. Materials and Methods
An appropriate method is selected for a procedure. The choice of correct study methodology dependent to entirely upon the goals of research (Khan, 2005). This provides understanding of the work to the researcher to fulfill the process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting of the data. According to Farooq (2001) “research method can be defined as a general strategy followed in the collection and analysis of data for solving the problem”. Further supported by Swimmer and Dominick (1994) stated that “the typical research process includes the following eight steps: select a problem, review existing research, develop research questions, determine an appropriate methodology, collect relevant data, analyze, and interpret the result, present results in appropriate form and replicate the study. Through these method problems are solved by the researcher.
The present study was conducted in district Rawalpindi. It was a correlational study. To explore the relationship between school head’s emotional intelligence (EI) and school culture ……..