Health and Safety matter a lot on Job Satisfaction

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Published on International Journal of Economics & Business
Publication Date: May 19, 2019

Y. H. M. T. M. Chandrasena & A. K. Anjala
Department of Business Management
Rajarata University of Sri Lanka

Journal Full Text PDF: Health and Safety matter a lot on Job Satisfaction (A Case of Apparel Sector in Sri Lanka).

Abstract
The study intended to examine the influence of occupational health and safety practices on job satisfaction among operational level employees in apparel firms in Moneregala District in Sri Lanka. 100 operational level employees were selected as the sample of the study by using convenient sampling method. A structured Questionnaire was used to collect data from operational level employees where the health and safety practices and the job satisfaction were measured using Five Point Likert Scale. Data analysis was performed by using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, correlation and regression analysis by using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 21.0 version. The study found that there is a significant relationship between occupational health and safety and job satisfaction among operational level employees in apparel firms in Monaragala area with an adjusted R2 value of 30.1%. According to the findings the recommendations are given to enhance the job satisfaction of operational level employees in apparel sector through health and safety practices.

Keywords: Health and Safety, Job Satisfaction, Apparel Industry & Operational Level Employees.

1. INTRODUCTION
Every organization is comprised with human beings and organizations need to utilize these human resource efficiently and effectively in order to achieve their goals. Thus, managing human resource plays an important role in the organization context in every type of business. According to Opatha (2012) the Human Resource Management (HRM) is the efficient and effective utilization of human resources to achieve the goals of an organization through HRM functions. There are different types of HR functions in an organizational which highly contribute to the day to day functioning of an organization. Among them occupational health and safety can be identified as one of the key function that emphasis on physical, mental, and social well- being of the workers (Siegrist 1996). Scholars argue that safer and healthier workforce is very much important where every organization need to adopt with particular lwas to ensure them (Crossman and Abou ,2003; Opatha, 2012; Rachmawati ,2008). According to their view there should be comfortable work environment which enable employees to perform jobs efficiently and effectively. Indeed higher concern on occupational health and safety would help to minimize the rate of accidents that can be occurred in the organizational context (Mathis and Jackson, 2003).
Therefore, organizations need to play more attention on employee safety as it helps to prevent health and safety problems (Hayes et al., 1998). Apart from risk reduction the scholars have shown that well established health and safety practices would certainly help to enhance employee job satisfaction as they feel that they are safe in the organizational setting. Even though there is a linkage between occupational health and safety and performance, productivity and job satisfaction etc. still there is a lacuna in the application part of occupational health and safety practices in the organizational context (Haefeli et al., 2005). Therefore, this study is focused to investigate the relationship between occupational health and safety practices and job satisfaction among operational level employees in apparel industry as an industry which is highly human oriented. As there is a research gap in this field, this study is mainly based on several objectives. The main objective of the study was to identify the relationship between occupational health and safety practices and job satisfaction among operational level employees in apparel industry in Sri Lanka in order to address the question of “what is the relationship between occupational health and safety practices and job satisfaction among operational level employees in apparel industry in Sri Lanka ?”.

2. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK AND HYPOTHESIS
Based on prior research and on theoretical reasoning, this study developed following conceptual framework and hypothesis as follows.
H1: There is a significant relationship between management strategies for health and safety and job satisfaction among operational level employees’ in apparel firms in Moneragala District.
H2: There is a significant relationship between Emergency management system for health and safety and job satisfaction among operational level employees’ in Moneragala District.
H3: There is a significant relationship between facilities for health and safety and job satisfaction among operational level employees’ in Moneragala District.
H4: There is a significant relationship between trainings and education for health and safety and job satisfaction among operational level employees’ in Moneragala District.

3. METHODOLOGY
The study can be identified as a quantitative research based on deductive research approach. Moreover it follows explanatory research strategy as a basic research. Accordingly, a structured questionnaire was used to collect the data from the respondents in order to examine the relationship between occupational health and safety practices and job satisfaction among operational level employees. As the sample 100 operational level employees were selected for the study in Moneragala district in Sri Lanka. The questionnaire was consisted with two parts where the first part of the questionnaire was devoted to collect the demographic information on employees where the second part was intended to collect the responses on health and safety and job satisfaction of employees using five point likert scale. Moreover, the data analysis was performed by using Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, correlation and regression analysis by using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 21.0 version.

4. RESULTS
4.1. Reliability
Before analyze the statistical tools, reliability test was performed to identify the reliability of the each questions which were used to measure research variables. Reliability test (Cronbach’s alpha) is the most common measure of internal consistency (reliability).

4.2. Descriptive Statistics
A summary of the descriptive statistics is presented as following tables. The study used mean and standard deviation to explain the descriptive nature of the variables all the variables were well above the average (average = 3) on the 1 to 5 scale.

4.3. Correlation Analysis
In order to examine the relationship between occupational health and safety practices and job satisfaction Correlation analysis were used. The correlation analysis revealed that all the variables selected of the study namely Management strategies for health and safety, Emergency management for health and safety, Providing facilitate for health and safety and Training and education for health and safety have positive significant relationship with job satisfaction among operational level employees’ in apparel firms in Moneragala District.
According to the regression analysis 30.1% of the variation in job satisfaction among operational level employees’ in apparel firms are explained by effective health and safety practices. Moreover, the results reveal that only training and education for HS has a significant impact on job satisfaction at a significant level of 0.05 where other variables Management strategies Emergency management and facilitate found to be insignificant. Moreover, it can be highlighted that providing facilitate for health and safety shows significant impact at 0.1 level of significance.

5. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Under the research findings health and safety practices is significant of enhancing job satisfaction of employees. There for management should have to pay attention on health and safety practices and should be properly implemented and managed in a good manner. It can lead to a good result and a good job performance to both workforce and the organization where they work. In order to increase job satisfaction among employees, need for a workplace improvement in term of health and safety practices. There for organizations should make occupational health and safety very successfully as it is a pertinent in enhancing job satisfaction and also safeguarding employees’ health. According to this study identified four measures of health and safety practices affecting job satisfaction of operational level employees. All the fact of research study the researcher identifies few recommendation to develop employees’ job satisfaction with relate to employees’ health and safety. The management should have to take actions to develop employees’ job satisfaction with relate to employees’ health and safety by increasing employees’ knowledge about importance of healthy life, providing enough health personal protection equipment, maintaining first aids box in properly every day, identifying the hazards event and take action to reduce that event, increasing the sanitary facilities in organization etc.