Published on International Journal of Social, Politics & Humanities
ISSN: 2797-3735, Volume 1, Issue 1, page 64 – 70
Publication Date: 14 September 2018
Nazmeen Kousar & Almas Ikram Kayani
Department of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences
Arid Agriculture University
Journal Full Text PDF: Assessment of Leadership Competencies the School Head’s As A Change Agent.
The prime aim of the study was to examine the heads ‘observation in the use of competency skills in school management system and evaluate the role of head as a change agent. Leaders are vital resources in commerce, schools, culture and nation’s society has recognized knowledge from governments, universities. The study was based on the following objectives: To assess the leadership competencies of school Heads. To assess the leadership competencies of a school heads as a change agent. To develop a profile of school heads competencies as change agent. The development of leadership competency should be closely connected with various intelligences, service aptitudes, and quality education. The development of an exceptional leader should also include knowledge of multiple intelligences, emotional intelligence, universal, self-efficacy and flexibility, personality development, service culture, stimulation, research aptitude, optimism and sense of humor, and principles of leadership. The was delimited to only Government Secondary Schools of District Rawalpindi. The research design was descriptive in nature. Survey method was used to collect data related to research topic from Government Secondary schools of District Rawalpindi. The population of the study consisted of 3 tehsils Government secondary schools in Rawalpindi district and their heads and teachers. Consecutive sampling technique was used. Total 164 heads and 250 teachers in public sector schools were selected the sample of the study. In the way, in total 10 percent schools were selected which is quite enough and justifiable sample size. A self-developed questionnaire was used by the researcher for heads and teachers to find out the relationship of school heads leadership competencies and teachers change management competencies at secondary level, and interviews for AOES’ to find out the challenges and problems of schools day to day.
Keywords: Leadership, Competencies, School Head’s, Change Agent, Knowledge.
Leadership is about stimulating, influencing, developing aims, goal and missions for an organization, motivating the staff personal, social influences, interpersonal skills, power sharing, vision builder, problem solving, productivity and inspiring (Yukl, 2002). Leadership is about human relations: it is related to how an individual motivates, encourage or use any other technique in order to improve the personal performance for the achievement of organizational goals collaboratively (Hackman, 2006). Unluckily, this gap is very extensive in Pakistan where schools teachers in general and head teachers especially do not receive continuous leadership and change agent competencies building opportunities.
According to (GOP and NEP 2009) “Government of Pakistan could not design any leadership and managerial training program for education leaders and manager in general and especially for high school heads at national level the provincial government usually arrange training for school heads and teachers in provincial teachers institute in their respective province’s and Districts but no specific leadership (Khan, 2007). The head teachers came from teaching staff while explaining the role of head teachers, “with no clear definition of whom they are and what they are supposed to do, school heads are drift in the educational system they were not trained to be leader and manager ………….
2. Literature Review
2.1 Leadership and Change Agent
The effective school leadership and change agent practices of school heads play vital role in bringing about change, increasing the quality of teaching, learning and school improvement in Pakistan. The failure of school in achieving its objectives is associated with the weak leadership. So it is argued that the role of leadership and change agent of school head is the key to successful schools. The recognition of the importance of emerging leadership and change agent skills is directly associated with the importance of training in order to enhance the skills and competencies.
2.2 School Leadership
School leadership provides the vision the direction and the energy for school improvement, while day to day strategies come from management. Leadership and management are complimentary; it is leadership that stimulates people to change by inspiring them to seek out better ways of teaching and learning in schools. There is direct link between quality of school leadership ………
3. Research Methodology
The research designed to investigate the Assessment of leadership competencies of the school heads as a change agent. It is basically a descriptive research which required a survey prevailing situation in an organised way which required the collection of data from a selected sample by using some research instruments. In order to achieve the objectives of the study ‘the questionnaire survey method employed. Questionnaire used as a main source for the data collection. The main source of data are teachers; heads of Rawalpindi district. There are 200 teachers and 163 heads. After collecting the data, the responses of the selected sample were organized, quantified and thus data was tabulated trough statistical packages for the social science (SPSS).Data through questionnaire was tabulated and descriptively analysed on the basis of different statistical tool i.e. percentage and mean standard deviation score using SPSS.
The population of the study were comprised of all the heads and teachers government high schools of District Rawalpindi. District Rawalpindi consisted seven tehsils Guar khan, taxila, Murree, Kahutta, Kallar sedan, kotli, sattiayan, Rawalpindi. Total population of heads 164 of public sector schools of Rawalpindi, Kahutta Murree whereas teachers population is 250 ………..