Comparative Analysis of Male and Female Principals Role in Prvision of Quality Education at College Level

International Journal of Social, Politics & Humanities
ISSN: 2797-3735, Volume 1, Issue 1, page 195 – 208
Date: 25 October 2018
© Copyright International Journal of Zambrut

Nauman Saeed & Almas Ikram Kayani

Nauman Saeed
Department of Education Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University (PMAS AAUR) Rawalpindi Pakistan

Almas Ikram Kayani
Associate Professor
Department of Education Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University (PMAS AAUR) Rawalpindi Pakistan

Abstract
The primary focus of the research was to compare the role of both male and female college principals in provision of quality of education in public colleges of District Kotli Azad Kashmir. It was descriptive study in nature. All teachers of public colleges of District Kotli A.K constituted population of the study. The study was delimited to four tehsils. Two tehsils were selected for pilot testing and two for final study. Consecutive sampling technique was used to draw the sample from population and sample was selected using L. R. Gay’s table of sampling. The data obtained was analyzed by using SPSS software. The study explore that principals can play their vital role in improving quality of education. Findings of the study were that both male and female principals play their role in provision of quality education and If college principals are willing to improve quality of education, they should maintain positive relationships with their staff members. The study recommends that; College’s principals should take necessary steps to improve college standard. Principals should cooperate with staff. The principals’ leadership should be democratic and engage all staff members in any decision making process. There is dire need to pay more attention towards quality enhancement training programs for females principals as compare to male principals.

Keywords: Colleges, Principals, Principals Role, Male, Female, Quality Education.

1. Introduction
Education is an essential determinant of economic and social development of any nation. Education is the process through which we transfer knowledge and culture from one generation to another generation. Education is also a primary source of all technological advances, innovation and human comfort. Education is the way of planning socio-economic development of any nations (Anjum, 2006). Principal’s role impacts on quality of education. Both principals and teachers provide with quality professional development and effective learning which leads to high student achievement and improve educational quality. It is true the principal holds on important post in any institution (Budde, 2011).
The principals need to establish clear academic goals and ensure that all stakeholders share their academic and instructional goals. According to Ramirez & Ovando (2007), role of principal’s and instructional leadership actions include setting clear expectations, monitoring instruction, and providing suitable environment according to needs to improve quality of education.
Principals need to perform strong academic leadership and support teachers in achieving academic excellent results for all students and improve the standard of education. As the instructional leader of an institution the primary role of principal’s is to support all teachers in their efforts to develop their pedagogical skills and enhance knowledge while staying current in new research-based strategies. The role of the principal as instructional leader should include support and train teachers through effective professional development programs to make sure they have opportunities to learn and develop their practices ………

2. Concept of Education
Our country is a developing country and educational development is highly needed for the progress and prosperity of the country. A nation develops us self-consciousness by sensitizing its individual through education, social institution that provider mental, physical, ideological and moral training. Education is a social activity on the globe along with the mankind. Education brings understanding, discipline, and economic prosperity among the people.
It is the responsibility of the state to provide educational opportunities and facilities to its masses so that they can become useful citizens. That is why education is placed at the top in the social priorities of all the countries.

3. Literature Review
3.1 Education Quality
Now a day’s education quality is the major issue to achieve the international standards. Virk & Isani (2005), said that quality has many dimensions, which play a key role to increase the quality of education. Lim (2001) remarked that quality indicates processes and policies for ensuring the fortification and security of quality. In developing counties universities, it is require utilize international standard of quality methods to enhance the quality of their programs (Lim, 2001). Though, there is a massive difference in the social status and economic between developing and developed countries, and it will be valuable to apply standards of quality into higher educational institutions of developing countries. However, for successful procedures and plans, consideration must be given to the utilization of best resources and infrastructure in developing countries ……..

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