Published on International Journal of Social, Politics & Humanities
ISSN: 2797-3735, Volume 1, Issue 2, page 19 – 25
Publication Date: 13 November 2018
Nauman Saeed & Sheema
Department of Education Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University (PMAS AAUR)
This study was design to investigation the role of school principal in establishment of effective school environment at secondary level in district Kotli Azad Kashmir. It was descriptive study in nature. Simple random technique was used to draw sample from the population. 30% schools (42 schools) were selected randomly and data was collected through structured interview taken from the principals belonging to this study. Findings of the study was that principal can play his/her role to improve effective school environment by using various strategies in this respect. Main recommendation of the study was that principals should provide freedom to perform their active and positive role to improve effective school environment.
Keywords: Principal, School, Effectiveness, Secondary, Environment, Teacher, Education.
1.1 School Effectiveness
Cheng (1996) said that effectiveness of school is the capability of the school to make best use of institutional functions or it is the degree in which the school can act upon institutional functions when fixed amount of institutional inputs is given. According to Creemers (1994) Educational effectiveness is differentiated from the study of educational effects which also described unanticipated educational outcomes i.e the hidden curriculum results. Alternatively, it is also seen as of the concept of educational competency which concerned with the association between the inputs of education and the effects of education, mostly in the terms of finance. Effectiveness points out such factors at the different stages of any education systems to contribute in outcomes of education. As Creemers (1994) explore that at such moment; the most excellent standard for the effectiveness of education is the worth of education puts into the preliminary traits of learners.
1.2 Research Questions
Following research questions were formulated for investigation:
a. How principals play their role in establishing the effective school environment?
b. Which strategies are required by principals to improve effective school environment?
c. Which qualities are required for principals to improve school effectiveness?
1.3 Objectives of The Study
This research is intended to achieve the under listed objectives;
a. To identify the principals role in establishing the effective school environment.
b. To explore the strategies which used by principals to improve effective school environment.
c. To investigate the required qualities for principals to improve school effectiveness.
2 Literature Review
2.1 The Principal Role In Achieving School Effectiveness
Usually the betterment of a school or the extent of its achievement is recognized in terms of its effectiveness and success as a whole, i.e. organizational effectiveness. This research includes categorizing the effective schools on basis of the factors that are present in the schools and then compare the results of the schools accordingly and promoting ideas and suggestions for the improvement of the results (Mortimore, 1998). According to my research, the question that what school principals could do to foster effectiveness do to foster school effectiveness was the main point. In addition to that we also gathered views about this from the school teachers.
2.2 Features of Effective Schools
Previous attempts of understanding and marking the traits of effective schools were classified by the differences in number of factors as well as the differences among the factors as well. (e.g., Edmonds, 1982; Brophy, 1982; Metzler 1990).
2.3 The Role of School Environment
Hallinger & Heck’s (1998) review which took place between 1980 and 1995 stated that the principal of the school, notably the principals of an institution played a great role in the lives of their students, especially in their achievements ……….