SWOT Analysis of B.Ed. (Hons) Program

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Published on International Journal of Social, Politics & Humanities
ISSN: 2797-3735, Volume 1, Issue 1, page 103 – 111
Publication Date: 26 September 2018

Misbah Saba & Almas Ikram Kayani

Misbah Saba
Departement of Education, Pir Mehr Ali Shah University of Arid Agriculture Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Almas Ikram Kayani
Departement of Education, Pir Mehr Ali Shah University of Arid Agriculture Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Journal Full Text PDF: SWOT Analysis of B.Ed. (Hons) Program.

Abstract
The study was designed to conduct SWOT analysis of B.Ed. (Hons) four years degree program in the universities of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. It is essential for every country to improve and update the education system to make progress. Quality Education is the need of the present age not only in the national scenario but all over the world. In order to achieve the international standards of Teacher Education a four years B.Ed. (Hons) program was initiated along with the hope to produce professional teachers. The other traditional teacher training courses like B.Ed/ M.Ed. have been phased out after the introduction of B.Ed. (Hons) program. The rationale of this program was to bring quality in Teacher Education and to equip the future teachers with modern methods and techniques of teaching. The nature of the study was descriptive. The population of the study comprised of all the students and teachers of B.Ed. (Hons), in the four public sector universities of Kotli, Muzaffarabad, Bagh, and Mirpur in Azad Jammu and Kashmir. So, a total of 583 students, and 50 teachers and 4 heads were the population of the study. A sample of 300 students and 50 teachers was selected by using stratified random sampling technique. The first objective of the study was to investigate the need and scope of B.Ed. (Hons.) Program. The second objective was to account for a range of both strengths and limitations of this degree program. The research instrument of the study was a questionnaire that was self-structured and developed by the researcher. The researcher herself administered the questionnaire to collect the responses of students and Teachers of B.Ed. (Hons) program. The frequency, percentage, and descriptive statistics; mean and standard deviation were calculated by using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS), in order to find the average of the responses given by the students and teachers. These results were then tabulated and interpreted. The findings revealed that a four year teacher training graduation program is the need of the time. The program contains enough potential to provide all-encompassing training to future teachers. Based on the findings it is highly recommended that there should be an improvement mechanism for the program.

Keywords: Teacher Education; B.Ed. (Hons); SWOT Analysis

1. Introduction
1.1 B.Ed. (Hons) Four Year Degree Program
The main purpose of teacher education is not just to make the teachers learn how to teach, yet it is a preparation to build up the normal capacities and potentialities of teachers, for making them more unique and to make them apt to deliver productive results with the minimum use of energies, time and assets. (Shahid, 2007).
Teacher education should be more dynamic. The teacher education programs must be properly planned and designed at all levels to progress with the technological revolution in society, so that it may produce extremely educated, scientific and logical minded, uncompromising on quality, innovative, courageous but sympathetic towards their students. (Bennet, 2000).
Education throughout the world is currently being reorganized, both within nation-states and between them. Teacher education is part of this reorganization. This overall change in action can be viewed as a pointer of social orders’ financial, political, societal and social needs. The control of teachers’ education, improvement, and work by means of current change activities, progressively seem joined by exogenous checking and responsibility plans at each level of the framework. Thus formal and casual accountability mechanisms are constantly made to anchor consistency with all ……..

2. Literature Review
A five-year, $75 million Teacher Education Project aligned with the National Education Policy 2009 was launched by USAID to improve the quality of basic education through better-prepared teachers under the long-term commitment of U.S. Government to assist the Government of Pakistan in strengthening the education sector, the project is working towards institutionalizing reforms in pre-service teacher education in Pakistan. The USAID Teacher Education Project which previously known as Pre-STEP is supporting the Universities, provincial Departments of Education and the Higher Education Commission (HEC) in implementing the B. Ed. (Hons.) Elementary four year program at universities and Associate Degree in Education ADE 2-year program at Government Elementary Colleges of Teacher Education GECEs with the affiliation of universities ………